Modernism Definition:

"Modernism – the 'shock of the new' – made an impact early in the century. It can be defined as a cultural trend that tried to make a sharp break with the past and find new forms of expression."http://www.channel4.com/history/microsites/H/history/guide20/part09a.html
  • Historical Events

1900’s
  • First World Series was held in Boston
  • Model T sold for $850
1910’s
  • World War I (1914-1918)
  • Panama Canal completed
  • Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire
  • The sinking of the Titanic
1920’s
  • Prohibition
  • Stock Market
  • “Charleston”




  • Migration to cities
  • Harlem Renaissance
  • Realism/Surrealism/Modernism
  • Wall Street Crash
  • Great Depression
  • The 19th Amendment was ratified
1930’s
  • New Deal
  • Prohibition ends
  • Empire state building
  • Hindenburg crashes
  • Star Spangled banner
  • Roosevelt elected
  • Swing music
  • World War ll- (starts September 1, 1939)
1940’s
  • World War II- (ends May 7th and 8th 1945)
  • Cold War began
  • FDR dies
1950’s
  • Cold War
  • Elvis Presley

  • “I Love Lucy ”
  • baby boom
  • New and/or Existing Laws

  • 1919: Prohibition of alcohol
  • 1920: Woman's suffrage
  • 1933: Repeals "prohibition of alcohol"

  • Technological Advances/Inventions

  • 1903: Wright brothers invent the airplane
  • 1920: Radio transmission
  • 1928: Penicillin
  • 1940: Color television, computer

  • Political and Social Issues

  • blacks and women fighting for voting rights (political)
  • women getting jobs instead of staying home with the children (social)
  • The draft- selective service system (political)
  • the alcohol prohibition (political)

  • Presidents

  • William McKinley : 1897-1901
  • Theodore Roosevelt : 1901-1909
  • William H. Taft : 1909-1913
  • Woodrow Wilson : 1913-1921
  • Warren G. Harding : 1921-1923
  • Calvin Coolidge : 1923-1929
  • Herbert C. Hoover : 1929-1933
  • Franklin D. Roosevelt : 1933-1945
  • Harry S. Truman : 1945-1953
  • Dwight D. Eisenhower: 1953-1961

  • Economic Status

  • Stock Market Crashed- Black Thursday - October 24th, 1929.
  • Great Depression in 1929
  • Economic boom after World War II

  • Popular Interests

    • Sports
    • "Charleston" Dance
    • Drinking alcohol
    • Swing Music
    • Rock & Roll Music
  • International Relations

  • W.W.I- allied with France, the British Empire and Russia
  • W.W.II- allied with the United Kingdom and the Soviet Union

  • Literature and Major Writers

Frost -

  • Structured
    • Syntactical difference
  • Simple plot
  • Different spin
    • Break down norm

What it represents
  • World War I: wants to keep boundaries
  • Depression
  • Gives hope in a depressing time

Sandburg -

Williams -


Pound -

Hughes -

  • Objectivism - a style of poetry that talks more about objects and things rather than feelings and emotions.

    • uses objects to describe philosophies
    • ambiguous
    • visual imagery
  • Imagism- a style of poetry that uses free verse, common speech, and clear concrete images.

    • inspired by emotion
    • emotion is equated to an image